Sirigiya is an ancient rock fortrees. It's a UNESCO world heritage site and the best preserved examples of ancient urban planning (~Sigiriya: City, Palace, Gardens, Monasteries, Painting). The name refers to archaeological site dominated by a massive rock about 200 meters high. The flat top of the rock contains the ruins of King Kashayapa's palace. The king reigned reigned between 477 to 495 CE. He moved the capital from Anuradhapura to Sirigiya and built his palace on top of the rock, along with a gateway in the form of an enormous lion. Hence, the place is named The Lion Rock.